AS TOLD BY
KACHCHIYAPPA SIVACHARYAR OF KANCHI
Here is a very brief and concise form of the Kandha Puranam.
This is based on the Kandha Puranam of Kachchiyappa Sivachchariyar of Kanchi.
There was one damsel called Maayaa. She was the daughter of a class of super-humans called Asuras. She developed further superhuman powers.
Once she went to a very powerful Rishi and paid homageto him. She stayed with him and did great service during the time that the rishi was doing penance and austerities.
The grateful rishi granted her whatever boons she would like to have.
The crafty Maayaa, asked him to father her children who should be very powerful.
The rishi complied and thus were born, Suurapadman, Singgamukan, Thaarakan, and a daughter called AjOmukhi and many others.
The others were in bizarre forms, shapes, and sizes.
Maayaa taught her sons some very powerful mantras and told them to perform penances which were unequalled in every way.
They did so and got many boons and powers from Siva.
Suuran asked some additional boons. 'That he should be invincible and all the one thousand and eight universes should be become his domains. Nobody should be able to harm him. That if he is to die, it should be only by the power of Siva, Himself.
Then he and his brothers went on a rampage that took them to the furthest corners of the universes.
They conquered the Deva Lokam and all the Devas became his servants. Many like Jayanthan, the son of Indra, were imprisoned . Only Indra, the Lord of the Devas escaped. He left his wife, Indrani under the custody of Saastha -Aiyanaar, the son of Siva and leader of his hosts.
Indra himself took a sukshma form and took his place in one of the strands of fibre in the stalk of a lotus plant. And there he was, doing penance to Lord Siva for deliverance.
Suuran ruled long and victoriously. His atrocities became intolerable.
Finally the Devas decided to get Siva to destroy Suuran.
But Suuran was a very staunch devotee of Siva.
Furthermore, Siva had given unbreakable boons to Suuran.
Hence, he would not destroy his own devotee.
Who could kill Suuran, then?
The Power of Siva!
Siva's power - the Son of Siva Himself, who should incarnate for this very purpose.
But Siva was deep in meditation.
Whom does He meditate upon?
Kandha Puranam -#2
In that situation there was no opportunity for Siva to beget a son through his spouse Parvathi. So the Devas asked Manmathan, the Deva of Love to shoot his amorous arrows at Siva and incite love in Him so that he would get a child through Parvathi. Manmathan was afraid but the Devas exhorted him to do it anyway.
He went, he saw, and he was vanquished.
Siva at that last moment just opened His third eye very very slightly.
A mini-lightning type of spark flew at Manmathan and Lo!
He became a heap of ashes.
Rathi Devi, the wife of Manmathan came lamenting and pleading to Siva and Siva made Manmathan be visible only to Rathi.
Siva also knew about the plight of the Devas and their wish. So, Siva opened his third eye again.
Out sprang six very hot luminous sparks of Celestial Fire.
The God of Fire, Agni was ordered to bear them. But Agni could not.
He took them with the help of Vayu, the Wind God and placed them in the Gangga. Gangga Devi took the sparks to a beautiful pond called SaravaNa Poygai.
The sparks occupied six lotuses and took the form of six babies.
Six Celestial Maidens called Karththikai Maathar were assigned to look after the six babies and nursed them and fed them.
After some time, Siva came along with Parvathi. Parvathi took all the six babies and embraced them together. The six babies took the form of a single baby but with six faces and twelve arms.
In the meanwhile, the anklet worn by Parvathi split and out of it nine gem stones rolled out. From those stones, nine warriors rose. They were the 'Nava Viirar' and were regarded as the younger brothers and warriors of Murugan. The eldest of them was called Viira Baahu. The others had names starting with 'Viira'. Some of the names of Murugan are derived from some of the facts in this story.
Kandhan - because the six babies were joined into one.
KaarthikEyan - having been brought up by Kaarththikai PeNkaL.
ShaNmukan or ARumukan - six-faced.
GaanggEyan - born by Gangga
Siva Kumaaran or Siva Balan - Son of Siva. Although Ganesa is also the son of Siva, this name is commonly attributed more to Murugan.
The Kandha Puranam describes in detail, the exploits of Murugan as a child and a boy.
One of them involves an interesting incident.
The boyhood Murugan was playing ball once. He was using the peaks on
Murugan showed Indra and his devas, his 'Visva RUpa Dharisanam'.
Then He showed them His 'Shanmuka RUpam'. With the blessings of Siva and Parvathi, an immense beautiful city was built. This was named as the 'Skandha Giri'. This was made into the abode of Murugan.
Then Murugan was anointed as the 'DEva SEnaapathi' - the Supreme Commander of the DEva Army.
Just as Siva has Kailash as His abode, VishNu - PaaRkadal and SriVaikuntam, GanEsa has 'Aanandha LOkam'. RajarajEswary has the SriNagaram.
Murugan's abode is Skandha Giri. But all the mountains and peaks are also His.
Once, Naradha Rishi performed a Yaga sacrifice.
But out of the Yaga, a fierce ram came out. It started on a rampage of all the worlds. Nobody could suppress it. Ultimately the DEvas took refuge in Murugan and asked Him to tame the ram. Murugan sent Viira Baahu to bring it to Him. Viira Baahu searched out the ram and pulled it by its horns to Murugan. The ram was subsequently tamed and it was made into the vehicle of Murugan.
Before the peacock became His vehicle, it was the ram.The ram is associated with Murugan and Agni in more ways than one. Both of them share the same sign of the Zodiac - Aries - The Ram.
The Karththikai asterism - Pleiades - is otherwise known as Agni Natchaththiram. This asterism is associated directly with Murugan. The ram is the vehicle of Agni also.
Apart from the peacock and ram, Murugan has also the elephant called PiNimugam as his vehicle.
The next important episode concerns Brahma.
Once Brahma, the Creator in the Trimurthi Trilogy, came to visit Siva in Kailaayam.
Murugan was playing there. Just before Brahma entered the portals, Murugan saw him. But Brahma ignored Murugan, thinking that He was just a small boy. When Brahma was returning, he again ignored Him. Murugan called Brahma and asked him who he was. Brahma haughtily answered that he was Brahma. Murugan asked him what his business was.
Brahma told Him, "My job is to create Devas, humans, etc. Nobody can create the Universe as I do. I know all the 18 Vidyas. I am the personification of Vidh - Knowledge".
Murugan asked Brahma what he knew.
Murugan asked, "Among the 18 Vidyas, the first Vidya is Rig Veda. How many padhams are there in it? An elder person like you should instruct younger people like me."
Brahma started to recite the Rig Veda from the beginning. He began with the PraNavam.
When he came to the syllable '
"Without any doubt rising in our minds, tell us fast, the meaning of '
Brahma started to recite the Rig VEda from the beginning. When he came to the syllable '
"Without any doubt rising in our minds, tell us fast, the meaning of '
Brahma said, "I am the meaning of this PraNavam".
On hearing this heresy, ViiraBaahu, the companian and younger brother of BaalaMurugan, was filled with anger and clenching his fists, boxed Brahma's head, so that all the directions resounded with the echo of the punch.
Thereafter, ViiraBaahu placed Brahma in a prison in KandhaGiri.
Even though Brahma was thus incapacitated, creation had to take place. So Murugan took over the function of the creator. He acquired the japamaalai and kamaNdalu and started creating.
In this functional form, Murugan is known as the 'Brahma Saastha'.
KandhaGiri is the abode of Murugan. It is like Kailaasam - the abode of Siva; SriPuram - the abode of DEvi; SriVaikuntam - the abode of VishNu; and AandhaLokam - the abode of Vinaayagar.
All DEvas, Rishis and others prayed to Siva to intervene in this affair and get Brahma released.
Siva sent Nandhi for the task but he was sent away.
Siva Himself came to Murugan and beseeched Him for the release. So, Murugan released Brahma.
You can see the picture of Murugan as the Brahma Saastha.
His Sakthi is on His right. Brahma stands in obeisance at His left.
Thereafter, Sivan asked Murugan why He had imprisoned Brahma. Murugan told Him that Brahma said that he was the embodiment of all knowledge. On being asked the meaning of PraNavam, Brahma could not answer. Hence the imprisonment.
Sivan asked Murugan to tell the meaning of PraNavam in front of the DEvas.
Murugan told Sivan that the meaning of PraNavam is the most guarded secret. It cannot be told in front of everybody. It can only be told in the manner of Guru and Sishya. In fact this rule was created by Sivan Himself. This rule cannot be broken.
Sivan asked Murugan to tell Him the meaning in His ear. Murugan told the meaning in the manner of upadEsam.
Hence Murugan is known as SivaGuru, SivaGurunathan,
ThagappanSwami, Guruswami, Gurunathan, KumaraGuru, GuruGuhan,
ParamaGuru and SkandhaGuru.
After Murugan revealed the meaning of Pranavam to Siva, Siva explained the true nature of Subrahmanya to Parvathi and the meanings and significance of all the names of Murugan - Skandhan, Arumugam, KarthikEyan, Paarvathinandhanan, Agnibhu, Guhan, Saravanan, Subrahmanyan, MahaasEnan, GaangEyan, SEnaani, etc.
Just as one lamp lights another lamp, Murugan is from Siva.
Murugan was manifetsted from the six sparks from the third eye of Siva.
It does not mean that because Murugan came from the Third eye, He is lesser than Siva.
Just because Murugan got manifetsed from the sparks from Siva, it does not mean that Siva got diminished by the substraction of Murugan from Himself.
This is Infinite fullnes; that is Infinite Fullness. Infinite fullness is born from Infinite Fullness. What comes out is Infinite Fullness. What remains thereafter is Infinite Fullness.
Thats what the Isopanishad says.
Om shAntih, shAntih, shAntihi
EPISODE OF THE DIVINE FRUIT OF GNYANA
PALZANI , IDUMBAN AND KAVADI
"THE FRUIT, THOU ART"
One day, Siva, Parvathi, Ganesa, and Murugan were together at
The Rishi Naradha came to see them and pay his homages. He had brought
with him a special Divine Fruit of Gnyana.
Both Ganesa and Murugan asked for the fruit.
A a contest was set up. Whoever circumvents the universe first would receive
the fruit as the prize.
Immediately Murugan alighted his peacock mount and flew around the furthest corners of the universe.
In the meanwhile, Ganesa asked a simple question.
"Are the parents - Mother and Father equal to the universe?"
All of them answered that it is so.
Ganesa then circumvented his father and mother and then without hesitation
took the fruit as his prize.
Just about that time, Murugan arrived after finishing the round journey.
But the fruit was already in the hands of Ganesa.
He flew into a rage and discarding everything donned the loin cloth of a mendicant and went away from his home,
He went straight to a hill called Palzani. He stood at the summit of the hill.
The parents went after him and beseeched him to return.
But he refused and stood firm.
The parents went back to
Murugan stood there as the Gnyana Murthi.
Agasthya, the Great Rishi became His disciple. Murugan taught him Tamil grammer. Thus He came to be hailed as the Tamil God - Thamilz KadavuL.
Agastya in turn compiled the Tamil grammer and caused it to be written in the Mount of Podhiyil by Ganesa. The gramer books were known as
SiRRagathiyam and PEragathiyam.
Agasthya had a disciple. He was Idumban who was a Rakshasa.
Agasthya told his to go to the
Idumban went there and picking up the hills, tied each one of them at the ends
of a staff, hoisted the staff onto his shoulders and came back.
On the way back, he was very thirsty. So he put down his load and went to
Then he came back and picked up his load. But he could not lift the hills.
He found a small boy standing on the top of one of the hills.
He told the boy to go away. But the boy would not. He tried to use force
which resulted in a fight, at the end of which, Idumban was killed.
Idumban's wife Idumbi went to Agasthya and wailed and lamented to him
about the sad plight of her husband.
Whereupon, Agasthya sought out the small boy who turnd out to be his
own Guru Murugan.
Murugan condescended and raised up Idumban.
In addtion, he gave a special honour to Idumban.
Murugan sanctioned the institution of a new form of worship. Pots of milk
should be tied to a staff and carried over the shoulder. This should be brought
by walking to a place of Murugan worship especially Palzani Hill. The milk
should be used as abhishekham. Special penances - virathams should be observed before and during the worship.
This special worship would be known as Kavadi worship.
Kavadi carrying is an aspect of a very ancient form of Murugan worship.
People go into a trance when carrying a Kavadi and are lost within that state.
They dance along to the singing and drum-beating of those who escort the
After the Kavadi carrying and abhishekam, special pujai has to be done to Idumban which would involve the sacrifice of a cockerel. This pujai takes place
two days afer the Kavadi festival.
In important Murugan temples, a sannidhi to Idumban is present. The VEl
is erected in the shrine which stands as a personification of Idumban.
AS TOLD BY
KACHCHIYAPPA SIVACHARYAR OF KANCHI
In Vaikuntam, the abode of Vishnu, there were two damsels.
They were born form the eyes of UpEndra - a form of Vishnu.
They were named Amirthavalli and Saundaryavalli. Both of them wanted
to marry Murugan. So they performed Tapas. Murugan appeared before
them and promised them that he will marry them.
Amirthavalli would be the daughter of Indra. Saundaryavalli would become
the daughter of Sivamunivar. Murugan would marry them when the time came.
Murugan made a visit to His parents. They sat him between themselves
and blessed the worlds with a special appearance as SOmaaskandha Muurthi.
It is usually as the SOmaaskandhaMuurthi shrine which is taken out as the
uRchava muurthi in Siva temples.
The dEvas who wanted freedom from the torment of the asuras came
to Siva during that time and worshipped Them in that thirukkOlam and
asked Siva to destroy the enemies of the dEvas.
So, Siva told Murugan to destroy Suurapadman, Singgamukan, and
Thaarakkan together with all the asura hosts.
Siva gave Murugan all the war equipment.
To this effect Siva gave Murugan, the NavaViiras under Viira Bahu.
These Nava Viiras were nine in number. They were born from the anklet gems
of Uma. The nine types of gems - maanikkam, maragatham, vairam, vaiduuriyam, muththu, niilam, pushparaagam, pavalzam, and gOmEdhakam - each gave rise to each of the Nine Warriors.
You can find their sannidhi in ThirupparanggunRam.
Viira Bahu was the Supreme Commander of Murugan.
Siva gave Murugan, 2000 fully armed armies of Devas with
108 generals; 100,000 Bhutha Gana warriors with 108 Bhutha leaders.
Twelve powerful weapons and other equipment for each of Murugan's twelve arms; 11 powerful asthras derived from the Ekadasa Rudras. There asthras were known as the 'Raudra asthras'.
He also gave the invincible and never-failing VEl.
The VEl is an amsam of Shakthi Herself.
Hence it is known as 'Shakthi VEl'.
Apart from striking, it also dispels Aggyana and Maya and Bayam;
hence it is known as 'Gnyana VEl'.
It destroys inimical forces. Hence the name - 'Sathru Samhaara VEl'.
He also gave the invincible and never-failing VEl.
The VEl is an amsam of Shakthi Herself. Hence it is known as 'Shakthi VEl'.
Apart from striking, it also dispels Ajgnyana and Maya and Bayam; hence it is known as 'Gnyana VEl'.
It destroys inimical forces. Hence the name - 'Sathru Samhaara VEl'.
It has to be stressed that DEvaRaaya SwamigaL, has invoked the VEl in his Kandhar Shashti Kavacam. AruNaGiriNaadhar has dedicated 'VEl Viruththam' and 'VEl Vaguppu' and 'VEl Vaaggu Vaguppu' to VEl.
In the 'kavacam for the body' section, the VEl is given epithets
In the next section on the Black Arts and denizens of the Under World and Evil and Inimical Forces, again the VEl is implored and begged to go and destroy them all.
At the beginning itself, we see 'Shashtiyai nOkka saravaDabavanaar
sishtarukudhavum senggadhir VElOn.....'
Murugan is invoked as 'The Weilder of VEl'.
The VEl plays such an important role in this Kavacam worship.
Near the end of the Kavacam,
'Kandhar kai VElaam kavacaththadiyai
valziyaayk kaaNa meyyaay viLanggum,
vilziyaal kaaNa veruNdidum PEygaL,
pollaadhavaraip podip podiyaakkum,
nallOr ninaivil nadanam puriyum,
sarva saththuru sanggaathadi
aRindhenadhuLLam ashta latchumigaLil
viira latchumikku virundhuNavaaga
suurapadhmaavaith thuNiththa kaiayadhanaal'
Here again the VEl's important and vital role is seen.
There is a version which says that Uma took another form and this form changed Herself into VEl. This VEl was given to Murugan by Uma. The festival Thaipuusam is considered to be the day that Murugan received the VEl from Shakthi.
This event is celebrated in a Murugan Thalam called 'Sikkal'. 'Sikkal SinggaaraVElan' is the presiding deity of the Thalam.
In the second verse of VEl Viruththam, Arunagirinathar mentions this.
In addition to these, Siva gave Murugan, a huge sword, a chariot of 1 lakh horses, a navarathna chalice, and an quiver which was always full of arrows. He then embraced Murugan, kissed Him and gave His blesings. Uma also embraced Him and gave Her blessings.
Murugan together with His splendid army went to the
The army then proceeded in formation from there to the HEmakUta Parvatham.
From there, they saw the awesome
At that time, the Celestial Sage Naradha appeared and told them the story of Kraunja.
Kraunja was actually a fearsome great asura who was molesting everyone who came across him. He would take the form of a big mountain with numerous tunnels and caves, and block people's path. They would enter the the mountain and would be overcome by the delusions of mind caused by Kraunja's maya and get into the caves and tunnels and get lost within and perish.
The Great Rishi Agasthya came to this area and was tricked into entering one of Kraunja's maya tunnels. When he found out that Kraunja was trying to entrap him, Agasthya got out and cursed Kraunja to remain as a mountain for the rest of his life.
Naradha beseeched Murugan to destroy Kraunja and Tharaka. Murugan resolved then and there to kill Kraunja and Tharaka and all his asura hosts, first.
To this effect, Murugan called forth ViiraBaahu and gave him orders to destroy Thaaraka and Kraunja together with his armies, generals, and ministers without delay. He gave him command over half of the army with 54 generals, and the 100,008 Bhuta division and its commanders.
In the meanwhile, there were bad signs and omens in all the
towns and cities of the asuras.
The Deva and Bhutha army besieged Maayaapuri.
Tharaka came forth with his asura hosts and joined battle with them. In the fierce battle that followed, Thaaraka lost much of his armies and weapons.
Thaaraka then entered into one of the pilam tunnels of the
ViiraBaahu pursued him and entered likewise and soon got lost in its illusory mazes and passages. ViiraBaahu's brothers and the army went in search of ViiraBaahu and they also got themselves entrapped inside.
Thaaraka, then, came out of the mountain and started to destroy the other remaining half of the Deva army.
At this juncture, Murugan Himself came to fight Thaaraka.
Thaaraka stopped the war for a while and went towards Murugan.
He tried to make peace with Murugan.
He said that the Asuras and Devas were sworn enemies. Hence it was the duty of the asuras to fight them and conquer them.
The asuras were also ardent worshippers of Siva whom they
considered as the MahEswara - 'Supreme Lord'.
Since Murugan is a manifestation of Siva, they consider Murugan as being Siva, Himself.
They would give Murugan the same rank as they gave Siva and worship Him with equal respect and bhakthi.
But Murugan turned him down by saying that the asuras had already abused all their powers and have accrued a lot of sins by being very cruel and hence they do not deserve any kindness or mercy. Furthermore their times were over.
Seeing that such a parlor was unfruitful, Thaaraka went back to give battle.
Tharaka used all his most powerful asthras that he had in his possession and waged a very fearsome war. He used his powerful weapons very skillfully.
But all the weapons were neutralised and made useless by Murugan.
Earlier in his life, Thaaraka had done severe penances and made himself invincible.
He had a body that could not be injured.
In a previous battle, Vishnu had sent forth His Sudharsana Chakra. But it struck against the chest of Tharaka and was blunted by it. Tharaka had caught it and made it into a pendant that he wore around his neck.
Thaaraka launched the Paasupatha Asthra. It was an invincible asthra that cannot be stopped. It was a form of the power of Pasupathi Siva. But Murugan just caught it with His bare hand.
Finally, Thaaraka started to use his illusory powers and waged a very fearful war that was very devastating in its effects.
Whereupon, Murugan sent forth His VEl which destroyed all the Maayaa powers and the all the aspects of the illusory warfare.
It pierced the chest of Thaaraka. Thaaraka fell down dead.
The VEl destroyed his asura armies totally. It also split asunder the awful
Kraunja Mount and destroyed it.
ViiraBaahu and his brothers, together with the Deva armies and the Bhutha division emerged unscathed from the Kraunja Mount.
The Kandha PuraaNam describes the way in which the VEl took off and flew through the firmament and destroyed Thaaraka, Kraunja and the other Asura hosts.
Murugan, with great anger, sent forth the VEl. Within a split second, it rose into the sky and with its brilliance, lighted up all the 10 cardinal directions. It sent forth flames which emanated forth like the flames from Kaalaagni, the cataclysmic fire that devours everything at the end of time.
The flames of the VEl struck at the three logas.
The VEl was adorned with bells, chimes, and wings. It raised a great noise which resembled the great noise of myriads of thunders which roll from the millions and millions of clouds which would inundate the worlds with their downpour at the time of PraLaya - the Great Flood which submerges everything at the end of the great eras.
The VEl, launched from the hand of Murugan, and piercing Thaarakaa's chest, came out on the other side and as it did so, emitted the noise of the great tidal waves of great oceans.
Nobody could see it entering Thaaraka's chest and coming out of it.
Only when Thaaraka, whose chest was split, was seen to be in his death throes, that everyone realised it.
Murugan called forth ViiraBaahu and praised his valour. He presented him with the Paasupatha Asthra that He had earlier captured with His bare hands from Thaarakan.
The celestial architect, VisvaKarma built a splendid city in Deva Giri where Murugan and His army bivouaced. Wondrous temples were built where Murugan was worshipped by everyone. ViiraBaahu presented Murugan with a wonderful foot-wear which took Murugan to a magnificent throne where Murugan sat and blessed everyone. Prolonged pujais were preformed by everyone.
In the meanwhile, Tharakan's son Asurendran came back from where he had earlier gone, and performed the last rites for his father.
Then he collected whatever remained of his armies and went to see his uncle SuuraPadman, the eldest brother of Thaarakan. He told him about the debacle that had befallen his father.
Upon which, Suurapadman wanted to start a war with Murugan straightaway. But his wise ministers prevented him and advised him to send scouts and spies to find out the all the information about Murugan and His armies.
About this time, Murugan started on a war expedition towards SuuraPadman's territory. He stopped at all the important centers of Siva worship and offered worship there. VisvaKarma built another city called Kumarapuri which is now called as Thiru SEynyaluur.
Murugan performed the Akanta Vibhava Pasupatha Nonbu. Siva appeared with Shakthi and gave Him the Shankara Asthram, Raudra Asthram, Paasupatha Asthram and others. After obtaining the blessings of Siva, Murugan resumed His expedition.
They crossed a great desert and came to ThiruparangunRam where VisvaKarma again built a splendid city. Murugan bivouaced there. He sat upon a ratna simhasana and called forth the devas and asked them to recite the full history of SuuraPadman and the asuras.
AS TOLD BY
KACHCHIYAPPA SIVACHARYAR OF KANCHI
The Story the Deva Asura Strife and SuraPadman
As narrated by Brihaspathi, the Deva Guru
Kashyapa is a very great rishi who is a leading figure among them.
One of his wives was Thithi. Through her, Kashyapa fathered 660 million asuras. They were also known as the Thaithyas.
The Thaithyas were led by a son called Asurendra.
The Asuras were the sworn enemies of Devas. There were frequent wars between Asuras and Devas. Though at times the Asuras gained power, they would lose it to the Devas after their leaders were no more.
The Asuras were often helped by VishNu.
The Guru of the asuras was Sukrachaarya. He was the son of the rishi, Bhrigu. Hence he was known as Bhargava. Through much penance and austerities, he had attained very great powers. So much so that, at times, he could single-handedly control and advise and help the asuras become invincible. He had attained a planetary position also through the grace of Siva.
Asurendra had a daughter called Surasai. She became an ardent disciple of Sukra and learned all the various types of vidyas. Sukra gave her the name 'Maayaa'.
About this time, Sukra was perplexed with the downward turn of the fortunes of the asuras. and the ascendancy of the devas. During the course of time, the asuras had lost many wars with the devas and had weakened numerically and in might and power. But Sukra felt that the time was about ripe.
But Sukra felt that the time was about ripe.
Just earlier, Daksha Prajapathi had performed a yaaga.
He had a daughter Daakshaayini who was an incarnation of AmbaaL Uma. She was given in marriage to Siva. Daksha did not respect Siva and did not invite Him for the yaaga. But he had invited all the devas and gave them their yaaga paagam.
The devas attended the yaaga, even though Siva had been excluded and insulted. Daakshayani went to the yaaga against the wishes of Siva. She was insulted and so She gave up Her body.
Siva was infuriated and dashed his matted hair-locks against the ground.
From that, the fury and anger of Siva emerged as Viirabdra. KaLi also
appeared. They were sent by Siva to destroy Daksha's yaaga. The yaaga
Daksha lost his head which was replaced with a goat's head.
All the devas were hurt and injured by Viiarbadra and KaaLi. The devas
were cursed so that they would lose their eminence and might and power.
Sukra remembered all this. He started planning meticulously. The effect of
Nandi's curse of the devas was about to manifest itself. The instruments had
to be there.
AsuraGuru Sukrachaaryaar decided upon who and what and how will
be the instruments of implementation.
He told Maayaa about all this important issue and commanded her to perform very severe Tapas for vanquishing the devas.
She was to produce off-springs through the Sage Kashyapa and make them
very powerful. They would be instrumental in the downfall of the devas. They
alone will be the Masters of Universe one day.
So she sought out Kashyapa and gave birth to many off-springs.
SuuraPadman, Simhamukaasuran, Thaarakaasuran, Ajamuki, and hundreds
of thousands of asuras with various forms were born to them.
Singgamukaasuran had lion-heads, Thaarakan - elephant,
and Ajamuki - goat-head.
Kashyapa was overcome with trepidity and advised his off-springs to go and
do penance to Lord Siva and do good and attain mukthi.
But Maayaa, their mother told them not to follow Kashyapa's advise, but to strive hard to achieve riches, power, glory, might, invincibility, valour, and overlordship.
She guided them to a place in the extreme north called 'Vata Dviipa' and gave them guidance to observe severe austerities and do great yaagaas for Siva. She herself provided everything for the performance of the yaagaas.
Kandha PuraaNam describes in detail, the intricacies which were involved in
the yaagaas that Suran and his asuras performed.
When they found that Siva did not appear even after one thousand years,
Suuran flew into the sky above the yaaga kundam and started chopping off
parts of his body which he cast into the sacrificial pit.
Even after doing it Siva did not appear.
So Suuran threw himself into the sacrificial fire.
Singgamukan started to cut off his heads and threw them into the fire. But
the heads kept growing.
The other asuras followed suit.
Then Siva appeared as an old man and stopped them from doing such acts. Suuran was aroused from the pit.
Siva appeared with Uma on the Nandhi.
Suuran asked Siva for overlordship 1008 galaxies and invincibility. He wanted
all the powerful weapons of the devas in his possession. He also attained the
power of instantaneous transportation to all the galaxies.
Siva granted him the overlordship for a limited period -108 yugas. He created
a great host of asura armies that he gave to Suuran together with very powerful
and unique weapons. He also gave him a lion and Indra Vimanam for travelling;
a very powerful body which cannot be wounded; invincibility; and all the Divine Asthras like the Paasupatha.
Siva stipulated that that at the end of the 108 yugas, Suuran will be destroyed
by Siva's own Sakthi.
After this Suuran and his asuras were met by Sukra, their hereditary guru.
Sukra took them into his own power of influence so that they will always obey
him and then told them about the Supremacy of Lord Siva. He also initiated
them into the deeply mystical ways of worshipping Him within their own selves.
He also indoctrinated them into materialism and inculcated into them very firmly, the notion that the results are more important than the means. He also showed
them the nature of the galaxies by taking them on a tour.
The asuras, then went on a rampage of the whole universe and enslaved all
the devas after soundly defeating them.
They then went to
After conquering the devas, SuuraPadman ordered the divine architect VisvaKarma, to construct a city of cities that was too wondrous even to be imagined.
VisvaKarma created it and it was called Viira MahEndra Puram.
Surrounding this, an additional eight satellite cities were built.
Kanda PuraaNam gives a very vivid and detailed description of the galaxies,
the cities, and whatever was found in them.
Even the wildest imagination by an unsophisticated and uninformed mind
cannot conjure up such tallying, interconnected, rational, and stupendous scenes.
Even the most limitless hallucination would not capture such a baffling, mind-boggling, and marvellous vista.
Visva Karma was the architect of the devas. His counterpart on the Asuras'
side was Mayan.
There is an architectural and Silpa Saastric work called 'Maya Matha'. It is
still in use for creative arts like statutory, buildings, temples, etc.
Apart form the capital Viira MahEndra Puram, two more co-cities called MaayaaPuri and AsuraaPuri were also created. Auxilliary cites and townships, cantonments and colonies were built in every island and ocean. All of them
served as residential areas for billions and trillions and zillions of asuras.
This would look like something right out of a sophisticated futuristic science fiction.
Or is it really?
Suura Padman married Padma KOmaLai, the daughter of Visva Karma. He
begat the sons Baanu GOpan, Agni Mukan, Hiranyan, and Vajra Baahu through
He intermarried with hundreds of maidens belonging to other celestial races like the dEva, asura, raakshasa, siddha, vidyaadhrara, gandarva, naaga, kinnara, kimburuda, garuda, etc. He begat three thousand cross-bred super beings as sons, through them.
Suura's younger brothers, Singga Mukan and Thaarakan were established
with armies of twenty million asuras each in Asuraa Puri, and MaayaaPuri respectively.
Singga Mukan married Yama's daughter Vibhuudhikai and got sons.
Thaarakan married Niruthi's daughter Saurikai. His son was the sage-like
and noble asura - AsurEndra.
He was the only one who kept himself alive in order to perform the last rites
for the entire asura clan when they were totally annihilated.
When Suura had completed the conquest of all the other worlds, he colonised them with millions and millions of asuras and their armies.
They were all under great asura leaders.
Suura also nominated the ablest, noblest, worthiest, and wisest of all the asuras as his ministers and counsellors.
After a very very long time, it came to pass that SuuraPadman felt an unquenchable lust for Indra's wife, Indrani.
He immediately sent ninety million asura women to incapacitate Indra and capture Indrani and bring her to him.
Indra came to know of this, and fled to a place called Brahmaapuram or Siirgaalzi and hid within a strand of fibre of a lotus stem.
The devas came in search of Indra and beseeched him to come with them to seek Lord Siva to save them all.
Indra left Indrani in the custody of Saastha Aiyanaar, the Hari Hara Putra who was the Chief of the Bhuta ganas and the Lord of the Worlds.
While Indra was in
She wanted to abduct her and take her to Suura Padman. She caught her and tried to drag her.
But Mahaa KaaLa, the aid de chambre of Saastha, who was guarding her as
her personal guard, rushed forth.
He chopped off Ajamukhi's hand that held Indrani.
The lamenting Ajamukhi went to Suura and fell at his feet and told him about her misery.
Suura ordered the celestial physicians to replace Ajamukhi's hand which was promptly done.
Then he ordered his son Baanu Gopan to capture Indra.
Indra took Indrani and hid in a cave in the
He performed Tapas towards Siva. That was the only and best
thing that he could do under the circumstances.
Baanu GOpan captured Jayanthan, the son of Indra and imprisoned him along with all the other devas.
The Deva Guru Brihaspathi thus gave a full discourse about SuraPadman and
the history of the Asuras.
When the recital of the history of the asuras was completed, Murugan gave solace to all the devas and decided to send Viira Baahu as a spy to Viira Mahendra Puram.
AS TOLD BY
KACHCHIYAPPA SIVACHARYAR OF KANCHI
When the recital of the history of the asuras was completed by Brujhaspathi, the Deva Guru, Murugan gave solace to all the devas and decided to send Viira Baahu as a spy to Viira Mahendra Puram.
I was at first thinking that I should try to give a very comprehensive and abbreviated version of the Kandhapuraanam.
People feel that they know the story of Murugan. But what they know is very sketchy being confined to several sentences at the best and much less, if they are English educated. The fact is, Kandhapuranam is not as well known as Kamba Ramayanam.
I have put the facts in such a way, the similarities between Kandha Puranam and Kamba Ramayanam become apparent to those who know Kamba Ramayanam.
Coming back to Murugan's expedition against Suurapadman....
Murugan sent Viirabahu as an envoy to ViiraMahEndrapuram on a fact finding mission. Thereupon, Viirabahu went to Kandha Maadhana Parvatham and took off with a gigantic form.
Within a fraction of a second, he had crossed the ocean and approached Vira MahendraPuram.
But he was sighted by the asuras guarding the city. Though they tried to stop him, he destroyed all of them. He crossed over the agalzi moat and destroyed the asura armies guarding them.
He then took a miniscule form and entered the city. He took a tour of VMPuram and found Jayanthan and the devas in the prison, being harassed by the asuras. They were praying to Lord Siva for deliverance.
At length, the devas went to sleep. Murugan appeared to all of them in their dreams. He promised them that he would destroy the asuras and save the devas.
In the morning, Virabahu appeared before them and after identifying himself, he told them that the Murugan was already in Thiruchenduur, about to start on an invasion of VMPuram with His armies.
Then he went to see the rest of VMPuram, and finally came to the audience hall of SuuraPadman.
By the grace of Murugan, a splendid throne appeared in front of Suuran, upon which Viirabahu sat to confront Suuran.
He told Suuran that Lord Siva had caused Murugan's manifestation and had asked Him to destroy the asuras and save the devas. That Murugan had already destroyed Thaarakan and Kraunjan. He was presently in Thiruchenduur, ready with an invasion army.
Suura must release the devas without delay and he should remain in his own VMPuram.
Failing which, Murugan would destroy Suuran.
Suuran was incensed with fury as to be threatened by a mere boy whom he thought was too puny to be of any matter.
He ordered Viirabahu to be killed.
But Viirabahu escaped, wrought havoc and slaughtered millions of asuras and destroyed their weapons.
He also killed one of the sons of Suuran and returned to Murugan, before the day was over.
SuraPadman's Council Of War:
After the departure of Viirabaahu, Suurapadman held a council of war.
Although everybody advocated war, Suran's younger brother Singgamukan cautioned him by pointing out that their over lordship of 108 yugas has now finished. Siva had told that Suuran would be destroyed by the Shakthi of Siva. Murugan has now come, bearing the Shakthi weapon. He implored Suuran to release all the devas and to worship Murugan and to live in his own city with all prosperity and glory.
Suuran chided him and rebuked him.
In the end, Singgamukan was over-ruled and Suuran decided on war.
Murugan started the invasion and crossed the ocean which dried up when the armies crossed it.
They came to the northern approaches of Viira Mahendra Puram and camped there.
For that purpose, a city called Hemakutam was built by Mayan and VisvaKarma.
Suuran sent his son, Banugopan to fight.
With that, we come to an important section of the KandhaPuraanam.
Fully clad in war-attire, Baanugopan assembled his armies and sallied forth.
Viirabahu went forth to meet him in battle. During the initial phase, 1000 baahinis out of 2000 baahinis of troops were destroyed. Banugopan decided to destroy the bhutha army.
He carried it out very effectively.
A Baahini or Vaahini is an army unit.
The compsition of it varied but normally it is made up of:
The total number of personnel involved would be several thousands:
7 - 9 to an elephant,
4 to a chariot,
1 to a horse
Then you have the arms carriers and suppliers, drummers, messengers, and signal corps, ambulence and medical team, water carriers, food suppliers, horse attendants, elephant attendants, chariot tenders, engineers, repairers, sooth-sayers, etc.
1000 baahini would have 81000 elephants.
Viirabahu met him in a personal combat.
Since Baanugopan could not overcome him, he sent the MOhanaasthra which stupefied everyone.
Murugan immediately knew this and sent forth the AmOhanaasthra which neutralised it.
Viirabahu, then took out the Paasupatha astharm. When Baanugopan saw this, he realised that he did not have any weapon to counter it. So he took an invisible form and went back to his city.
The bhutha army asked Viirabahu to capture Baanugopan.
But Viirabahu refused, saying that it is not martial chivalry to attack a fleeing enemy. When Baanugopan comes back to battle, then he will be killed duly.
When Suurapadman came to know about the flight of Baanugopan, he himself assembled a huge army and went to battle in person. In the battle that ensued, Suuran knocked out the 108 generals and finally managed to knock Viirabaahu also unconscious. Furthermore, he caused the bhutha army to flee in disarray.
Upon this, Murugan Himself came forth to do battle with Suuarn. This time Suuran lost all his weapons, chariots, and armies.
He stood there alone and unarmed.
Murugan told him to release all the devas and let him go back to his city because he was unarmed.
The humiliated Suuran, by means of an illusion, went back to his city.
Murugan promised the devas and bhuthas that he would certainly kill Suuran, the next time when he comes back to fight.
All the members of the Viiras and the bhutha armies regained consciousness.
Then they raided the asura city and went on a rampage within the city.
After causing great destruction, they came back to celebrate victory.
In ViiraMahendrapuram, Banugopan was performing the magical rituals for each one of the manthras which were associated with each one of all his asthras and weapons, together with the corresponding japa, homams, tharppanams, war exercises, creation of illusions, etc.
He stopped all these and came to see his father and told him about his experience and the debacle of the previous day. He implored that Suuran should not have gone to war without informing him. He took Suuran's permission to do battle, the next day.
Baanugopan also ordered Mayan, the asura architect, to reconstruct VMPuram (ViiraMahendrapuram) and put back all the securities, fortifications, and protections.
Early the next day, Baanugopan invoked his grandmother Maayaa within his mind during his tapas.
Maayaa came to him, and after Baanugopan worshipped her, he asked for her advice as to what he should do. Maayaadevi asked him how Baanugopan expected to gain victory when he had already caused very great misery to Brahma, Vishnu, and all the other devas. Baanugopan persisted and told her that he did not care for any future outcomes, but he had to defeat Viirabahu at that present moment.
Maayaa gave him an asthra that would cause the enemy to be hallucinated and the blessed him with victory in that day's battle.
Baanugopan, then sent an emissary to Viirabahu, asking him to come forward to do battle with him.
Viirabahu approached Murugan who warned Viirabahu about the powerful Maayaasthra, given by Maayaadevi. However, He told Viirabahu not to worry because the Maayaasthra would lose its powers to the far superior VElaayutham.
Viirabahu went for battle against Baanugopan.
Both of them used very powerful weapons.
When most of the asthras had been used, Baanugopan launched the Paasupatha asthra. To meet that, Viirabaahu also sent an equally powerful Paasupatha asthra.
The Kandha Puranam describes vividly in detail how the Paasupatha asthra started, took off, flew, its flight and its path, the effects of its flight, its destructiveness, and the sum total devastating effects of both the asthras opposing each other. The opposing powers of the two asthras wreaked havoc and wrought great destruction.
While they were in opposition, both of the Paasupatha asthras realised by themselves, the great unwanted over-kill type of destruction that they were causing.
When they realised that, both of them shut down their powers and functions and went back to their respective senders.
The descriptions about the divine weapons and asthras which are mentioned in the puranas would be a treat to Erik von Daniken. But there are no Indian von Danikens who are that well-versed in the puraanas.
When Baanugopan realised that his efforts with the mighty Paasupatha asthra were in vain, and that his armies were also annihilated, he hid himself with his illusory powers.
The bhutha army decided to go back to their camps and rest.
At that unexpected time, Baanugopan cast his powerful Maayaa asthra upon everybody and everybody lost their minds.
Baanugopan bound them up and threw them into the ocean.
Then he went back to his city.
Murugan sent His VElaayutham against the Maayaa asthra which went forth and broke the charm that bound the bhutha army and freed them from the effect. The bhuthas were revived.
They got up and worshipped the VEl and thanked it.
Viirabaahu hatched a strategy by which the bhutha army would ransack the asura city which would force Baanugopan to come out and fight.
Viirabaahu swore to kill Baanugopan in the fight.
Thereupon, the bhutha army followed the stratagem and set the asura city on fire.
But Suuran called forth the clouds and made them put out the fire with heavy rain and also had the city repaired.
Suuran's second son Agnimukan came to do battle. He succeeded in killing the brothers of Viirabaahu.
He also invoked Kaali to fight along with him and prayed to her to bless him with victory. But Viirabaahu made Kaali go back.
Viirabaahu sent the Viirabadra asthra which killed Agnimukan.
Viirabaahu was informed of the death of his brothers.
So Viirabaahu became furious and wrote out a warning to Yama on an epistle and sent it with an arrow to Yamalokam.
When Yama saw the epistle, he was alarmed. He personally went
to the spot where the bodies of the Viiras were lying. The souls were found to be in the
Upon the death of Agnimukan, Suuran sent his other three thousand sons who were born from inter-racial marriages, accompanied by huge armies.
There was one Deva army commander called Vijayan. He carried a divine bow and a quiver of arrows which he received from Siva. He had the Lakshmi kataaksha.
Vijayan tried the cut the heads of the three thousand sons. But the heads kept on growing back.
Then he meditated upon Murugan within his mind and Murugan appeared. He asked Murugan why this was happening. Murugan told him that it was because of a blessing that they had obtained from Brahma at an earlier time. They can only be killed, if all the heads of the three thousand were cut off by a single
Murugan gave Vijayan, the Bairava asthara.
Vijayan sent it forth and it cut off the heads of all the three thousand sons of Suuran simultaneously.
Then Suuran's Prime minister came to battle with an elephant corps made up of the 'Ashta Dik Gajams'.
The Ashta Dik Gajams are the divine elephants which stand in all the eight cardinal directions and bear the universe upon their backs. They stand on a giant turtle. They are Pushpadhantam, Airaavatham, Pun_dariikam, Kumudham,
Saarvabuumam, Anjanam, Supradhiipam, and Vaamanam.
But Viirabaahu destroyed that army and freed the Ashta Dik Gajams from their bondage.
Baanugopan came to do battle for the third time.
He created a huge tornado and from within it, he showered weapons from all sides. But Viirabahu sent the Vignyana asthra and broke through that maaya. Subsequently, Viirbaahu cut off both the arms and then the head of
Baanugopan and thus killed him. Murugan thereupon blessed Viirabahu for his great act.
There was a custom among the ancients to read this chapter of 'Baanugopa Vadham', in order to destroy one's enemies and attain victory and gain the fruits of wishes.
After the demise of Baanugopan, Singgamukaasuran went to battle. He was the younger brother of Suuran; he was one of the people who advised Suran to release the devas and be at peace. He had a special weapon, the Maayaa Paasam.
It should be noted that the asuras were very adept at using illusions, hallucinations, mind-bending, mind-boggling, mind-stretching, stupificatory psychotropic techniques. When we read the detailed descriptions of the war episodes in Kandhapuranam, we find that the warriors were also using
psy war - psychological warfare.
In the course of their challenges and counter-challenges, we find a fully developed art of how to undermine an enemy, discourage him and wear him down with words and shows of bravado. There were also pep-talks given to troops and warriors before and during a battle.
Many a time, even warriors of great caliber would be discouraged and lose heart. But then, we will find some other person coming and reviving him up with a lot of encouragement. It was an art that was executed with finesse. We also find numerous such instances in the MahaaBhaaratha.
The puraanic characters certainly had the knack of making an already lost war seem like a war that could still be won with certainty with mere words alone.
Or was it the pauraanikas who put those words in the mouths of the puraanic characters?
Singgamukan subjected Viirabaahu, the bhuthaa and deva armies to the effects of the bondage of the Maaya Paasam and cast them into the UdhayaGiri from where the Sun rises.
He then went to the Hemakuta to do battle with Murugan. Murugan came forth to meet Singgamukan. The Kandhapuraanam gives a vivid description of that scene.
Murugan wore the foot-wear brought by Brahma and alighted on the chariot driven by Vaayu Devan. Vishnu and Brahma followed Him. Devendran fanned Him with a chaamaram. The other devas followed him, waving peculiar fans of many designs. Suurya and Chandra held up the Royal Parasols.
Agni Devan held up a torch. Yaman followed with a beautifully wrought sword. Nirudhi blew on the Kaahala Vaadhyam. Varunan held the auspicious kaaLaanji coconut, betel leaves, etc. Kuberan bore the golden betel leaf casket. Isaanyan carried a huge Suulam.
All the musical instruments were played together. Naaradha and other rishis sang. The divine kattiyakkaarars - proclaimers and announcers - read out the achievements and exploits of Murugan. The bhutha warriors brandished,
exhibited and played around with their weapons in a martial march.
Murugan possesses kOlaahalams - Bhaktha Jana KOlaahalam and Vidhva Jana KOlaahalam. During the war, Samara KOlaahalam is displayed.
It is said that these KOlaahalam aspects of Murugan bring auspicious blessings of Murugan. Hence I felt that it should at least be briefly written for the benefit of those who believe.
In the battle with Singgamukan, Murugan split the invulnerable chest of Singgamukan with a vajraayutham and thus vanquished him. He raised all the bhutha warriors who had been killed by Singgamukan. He also released Viirabaahu and his bhutha and deva armies which had been bound by the Maaya Paasam.
This chapter is also read for attaining victory over enemies.
AS TOLD BY
KACHCHIYAPPA SIVACHARYAR OF KANCHI
SURAPADMAN COMES TO WAR:
Finally, Suurapadman himself came to war personally.
He sent for the trillions and zillions of asuras who had colonised all the nooks and corners of the galaxies under his control. With this immense army, Suuran went into battle. An advance vanguard of asuras went to destroy the Hemakuuta camp of Murugan. The bhutha army met the asuras in battle but lost. Murugan launched many asthras which sought out all the asuras who were in each and every one of the various worlds and lokas. He also killed all of the asura armies of Suuran. Then the asuras from the outside galaxies came and assembled there to fight. The numbers of those asuras were innumerable.
Murugan commanded Vaayu to sally the chariot in and out among the asura hosts. Within a moment, He destroyed all the four components of asura armies. Then He destroyed the asuras from the outer galaxies. He followed up by closing up the portals from the outer galaxies with His weapons. Then Murugan and Suuran started their battle. During the course of their fight, they went to all parts of the universe. Suuran broke open the portals to outer galaxies and let the alien asuras in. But Murugan merely looked at them and smiled upon them. His look turned them into ashes. Thereupon, Suuran meditated upon his mother, Maayaa Devi. She appeared before him. Suuran asked her to raise all the dead asuras back to life.
She pointed out to Suuran, his mistake of having mistaken Murugan to be a mere boy. But she also divulged to him that if the
Suurapadman sent his Indraloka chariot to bring the mountain. It went and brought the mountain. As soon as the air from that mountain touched them, all
the brothers and sons of Suuran and all the other dead asuras became alive.
Murugan sent a very potent and fierce Paasupatha asthra which destroyed
all their weapons and killed the asuras also.
Suuran alone remained.
He commanded the Indraloka chariot to take all the bhutha and deva warriors
and transport them to the other side of the universe and keep them there.
The chariot made them unconscious and took them away.
But Murugan sent asthras which revived them and caused the Indraloka ratha
to bring them back again.
Suuran threw a suulam against Murugan. But Murugan captured it with a Kulisaayudham.
Thereupon, all the devas worshipped Murugan and prayed to Him to destroy Suuaran.
Then Murugan killed the lion vaahanam which was carrying Suuran.
Suuran, then, changed himself into a Chakravaaga bird and started playing havoc.
Murugan descended from His chariot and saw that Indra had changed himself into a peacock. Agni had changed himself into a cockerel. Murugan got up upon
that peacock and chased the Chakravaaga bird. Murugan cut the bird into two.
Then Suuran took an immense form against which Murugan sent seven
Suuran changed himself into a mighty ocean with destructive tidal waves. Murugan sent a hundred asthras which turned into fire and dried up the ocean.
Suuran took the form of an immense fire and Murugan created a tremendous Chanda Maarudham storm which snuffed it up.
After that Suuran took the form of a huge storm. Murugan created a hundred thousand giant snakes with His asthras which swallowed up the storm. Snakes are believed to swallow air and live on it.
For four days, the battle ensued. Suuran took multivarious forms like Brahma and the other devas, seas, clouds, animals, star clusters, his own brothers, and
sons, and emanating from all over the places from all directions, he scared the bhuthas and made them flee.
Murugan subsequently destroyed all of them with a hundred billion arrows.
After all that, Suuran alone stood by himself.
Murugan then told Suuran that until then, Suuran had taken numerous forms. But now he should look at Murugan's own forms.
He, then took His Visva Ruupa form and filled the firmaments and all the directions and showed it to everyone.
The Visva Rupa Darsana of Murugan
The Kandha Puraanam gives a vivid description of Murugan's Visva
All the great mountains were his mid-feet.
The oceans were in the fore-front of the feet.
The toes were the stars, lightning, and the nine planets.
The Rishis and Chintaamani were in the calf-muscles.
All the vidhyas were in the knees.
The thighs had Indra and Jayantha.
His waist had Kaala and Yama.
The ribs contained the devas and the asuras were in the hip.
The nagas were in the hidden parts.
Amritha was in the male organ.
The navel contained the production of all the worlds.
The chest contained all the saastras.
Gnyaana wisdom was found in the yagnyOpaviitha.
Billions of galaxies and universes were found in the hair follicles.
The palms contained all the pleasures.
Brahma and Vishnu were in His hands.
Deva women were in the fingers.
Words were in the neck.
The VEdas were in the middle of His Vak and the aksharas
formed His teeth.
The tongue had the Siva Aagamas and the seven kOti manthras
were the lips.
Vaayu deva was in His nose and the eyes were Suurya and Chandra.
The cardinal directions were His ears.
Omkaara was His fore-head.
When Murugan who was the form of Siva, took the Visva Ruupa,
all the devas worshipped Him.
When Murugan who was the form of Siva, took the Visva Ruupa, all the
devas worshipped Him.
When Suurapadman also saw this, his mind was filled with wisdom and he regretted his mistaking Murugan to be a mere boy. But he thought to himself
that he, Suuran would attain the greatest blessing possible, by fighting with Murugan.
At that moment, Murugan cast out the wisdom of Suurapadman from Suurapadman's mind and reduced His own Visvaruupa form back to His normal form.
Suuran went back to his former ego and his own nature.
He, then resumed his fight with Murugan.
He took a very fierce form and tormented the devas.
Murugan sent His VElaayutham against him. Suuran then took the form of an immense mango tree, and shook all the worlds with his branches and caused very great destruction.
The VElaayutham saw this illusion and struck the mango tree and split it into two.
Suuran came out in his true form with a sword.
The VElaayutham split Suurapadman's chest and then went back to the hands
The split halves of Suurapadman took the forms of a peacock and a cockerel.
Both of them, with furious frenzy, sprang towards Murugan.
Murugan bestowed His graceful glance at them with compassion. Immediately they lost their pride and ego and approached Murugan and worshipped Him with great devotion.
Murugan told the cockerel to become his flag. The cockerel alighted upon the chariot of Murugan and crowed loudly, proclaiming the victory and greatness of Murugan.
Murugan got off from the peacock that was Indra and got up on the peacock
that was the former Suurapadman's half.
He then sped along everywhere on it and finally came back to the
Agni changed back to himself from the cockerel form and Indra also
likewise changed back from his peacock form to his normal form.
All the devas including Brahma, Vishnu, and the bhuthas worshipped Murugan who was the SarvEsvara.
PadmakOmalai who was the wife of Suurapadman, immediately died on
hearing about her husband's death. All his other wives committed sathi.
Hiranya, the only remaining son of Suurapadman, with the help of the Asura Guru Sukrachaarya, performed the last rites for his parents. He, then went to perform tapas towards Siva.
Whomsoever reads this chapter, or hears it, would never have any situation of fearing any enemy.
Thus speaks the Kandha PuraaNam.
AS TOLD BY
KACHCHIYAPPA SIVACHARYAR OF KANCHI
MURUGANS THIRUVOLAKKAM OF VICTORY:
After the Suura Samhaaram, Murugan told Viirabaahu to release all the devas from prison. They were freed and brought before Murugan. Murugan restored them to their rightful positions.
All the dead bhuthas and warriors were raised to life by Murugan.
Murugan ordered the Samudra Raajan, the King of the Ocean to swallow up ViiraMahendrapuram.
Murugan then came back to Thiruchenduur and sat upon His throne.
The next day, Murugan worshipped His Father and Mother, and adorning Himself with ornaments, went to ThirupparamkunRam.
VisvaKarma, the divine architect, built a beautiful city and a palace there, and Murugan sat upon a throne there.
Six Rishis joined Murugan at ThirupparamkunRam.
Murugan sent the devas to their respective places and then taught the Rishis, the Sarvaruupa Anubhava to them.
MURUGAN WEDS DEVASENA:
Devendran expressed his desire to give his daughter in marriage to Murugan.
MahaVishnu had two daughters who wanted to marry Murugan.
Both of them performed Tapas to achieve that ambition. Murugan appeared
and told them to take births and He will marry them.
One of them was born as the daughter of the Divine Elephant and was brought up by Indra and Indrani as their own daughter.
They named her DevasEna. She is also known as Devanayaki, DeyvaYanai.
She is a form of Shashti Devi. Shashti Devi is a goddess who looks after fertility, pregnancy, child-birth, and babies and small children.
Worship of Shashti Devi is a very ancient practice. She was associated with
the Moon and Pleiades- Karthikai Asterism.
Indraani was brought back from
Siva, Parvathi, and all the other celestial beings came to ThirupparamkunRam. Murugan married DEvasEna with due pomp and splendour.
Then Murugan went to grace the coronation of Indra.
Amaraavathi, the capital city of the devas which lay in ruins, was rebuilt with
the former magnificence and the coronation took place there.
After spending some time at Svargam, Murugan went to Kandhagiri with DEvasEna.
MURUGAN WOOS VALLI:
Near to Kanchipuram, is a hill called Lavalii or VaLLi Malai.
A chieftain of hunters was living there with his family and tribe.
At one time, Vishnu had taken the form of a Siva Munivar and was doing
tapas in that hill. With his look he caused a doe to give birth to a beautiful
baby. This baby was an incarnation of one of his two daughters from Vishnu Lokam, who had done tapas to marry Murugan.
The baby was found by the hunter chieftain who gladly adopted her as his
own daughter. She was named VaLLi. When she was twelve years old, she
was sent to guard the thinai millet fields from the birds. It was the custom of
The sage Naaradha saw her and knew that the time had come for her to marry Murugan. But this was not going to be a straight-forward marriage. It had to be
done in the mode of 'kaLaviyal', the ancient form of marriage. It is one of the approved forms of marriages by the ancient Tamils.
He promptly told Murugan. Murugan came to her in the form of a hunter and tried to woo her. At that time, the chieftain came along. Immediately Murugan
took the form of a vEnggai tree. When the chieftain had departed, Murugan switched back to the hunter-form and tried to woo her again. But His overtures were turned down by VaLLi.
After that, Murugan came to her as an old man who was on a pilgrimage. He stayed as the guest of the hunter chieftain for some time. VaLLi was assigned to look after him and his needs.
Murugan was fed Thinai flour mixed with honey. During the course of the meal, Murugan developed hiccoughs.
VaLLi led him to a nearby pond for a drink of water.
Murugan pretended to slip and fall into the water. He was saved by VaLLi. Murugan started playing pranks with her and told her about his love. But he was
Thereupon, Murugan prayed to His elder brother, Vinaayakar.
He appeared in the form of an elephant.
VaLLi had always had a mortal fear for elephants. She could not even bear
to hear the name of the elephant being uttered which would terrify her.
So when Vinaayakar appeared as an elephant, He started chasing VaLLi.
She asked Murugan to save her from the dreadful elephant. Murugan asked
her to marry him in return, if he were to save her.
She would not.
On that answer, the elephant chased and chased her.
Still VaLli refused.
Seeing the refusal of VaLLi, the elephant caught her finally and lifted her up
with his trunk.
At this juncture, Murugan who was still in the form of the old man asked her
to marry him.
The terrifed VaLLi agreed to marry Murugan.
Thereupon, the elephant lifted her up and tossed her into the upheld arms
Murugan prayed to His brother and Vinaayakar went back.
Murugan showed His true form to VaLLi. He also told her that she was indeed the daughter of His maternal uncle Vishnu and that she had earlier performed intense tapas to marry Murugan.
He disappeared and came back as the young hunter again. They spent a long time in love among the caves and other places of VaLLi Malai.
Finally, Murugan was advised by VaLLi's maid to take her away to some
After night-fall, the maid led VaLLi stealthily to Murugan and Murugan took
her away to the hill. In the morning, the hunters and their chieftain came in search. There was a fight and the hunters lost their lives. Naaradha appeared and asked Murugan to raise the hunters back to life. Murugan asked VaLLi to look upon
her father and brethren. She did so and her look revived them.
The hunters worshipped Murugan and asked him to marry her according to their rites. All of them went back to the hunters' place and Murugan sat on a tiger skin. VaLLi took her divine form.
Parvathi and Siva appeared for the marriage.
The hunter chieftain poured out water and gave VaLLi as Kanyaadhaanam in marriage to Murugan.
Murugan and VaLLi worshipped Siva and Parvathi.
All the celestial beings showered flowers upon the Divine Couple.
Murugan took VaLLi to Sri ParipuurNa Giri and sat upon a throne with VaLLi, in a palace there. This place is known as ThiruThaNi Malai. Murugan told her about the special qualities of that place. Then Murugan established a Siva Linggam there and performed Siva Puujai.
After that, Murugan went to Kandha Giri where VaLLi was cordially welcomed and received as a companion by DEvasEna.
Murugan sat upon a throne with VaLLi and DEvasEna on both sides.
Murugan then told DEvasEna about both their histories.
DEvasEna expressed great happiness at having been reunited with her sister VaLLi. VaLLi asked her elder sister to look after her. Both of them sat with Murugan in perfect concordance.
Murugan's chariot, peacock, cockerel, ram, VElaayutham, and the vimaana came to them. Thus Murugan sat on His splendid throne with both His wives, receiving all the respects of the warriors, army commanders, and bhuthas who surrounded Him.
Thus Suutha Munivar recited the story of Sri Muruga Perumaan to all the rishis who sat around him in